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Treatment that worksMedications – proven to help

About Stop-Smoking Medications

There are seven stop–smoking medications approved by the FDA (Food and Drug Administration) – the nicotine patch, gum, lozenge, spray, inhaler, and non-nicotine medications Chantix® and Zyban. All of these medications have been proven to double the chances of successful quitting.

Heavy, light, and even recently-quit smokers can benefit from using stop-smoking medications. Your healthcare provider can give you a prescription for medication covered by your health plan.

Most stop smoking medications are covered by health insurance plans Your healthcare provider can advise you on which medications are right for you Your healthcare provider can give you a prescription for your health plan covered medication.

How to know which medication is right for you

Your Healthcare Provider is the best person to help you decide which medication is best for you.

When using stop-smoking medications, keep in mind:

Find out more about stop–smoking medications by clicking below. Be sure to talk with your healthcare provider or doctor about quitting smoking, and before starting new medications.

Nicotine patch

Pro:
Easy to use – once a day. The patch provides a continuous nicotine dose all day.
Con:
Possible side effects*: Possible skin reaction or insomnia.
*Be sure to follow your healthcare provider instructions and manufacture instructions. Please see medication packaging for full listing of instructions and side effects.

Gum

Pro:
Available in different flavors.
Con:
Possible side effects*: Mouth soreness, jaw soreness, or heartburn. Can damage dental work such as dentures.
*Be sure to follow your healthcare provider instructions and manufacture instructions. Please see medication packaging for full listing of instructions and side effects.

Nicotine lozenge

Pro:
Has 25% more nicotine than gum, and available in different flavors.
Con:
Possible side effects*: May cause hiccups or heartburn, and no food or drink for 30 minutes before or during use.
*Be sure to follow your healthcare provider instructions and manufacture instructions. Please see medication packaging for full listing of instructions and side effects.

Nicotine nasal spray

Pro:
Gets nicotine into your system fastest.
Con:
Possible side effects*: Initial nasal irritation, sneezing, coughing, or teary eyes.
*Be sure to follow your healthcare provider instructions and manufacture instructions. Please see medication packaging for full listing of instructions and side effects.

Inhaler

Pro:
Mimics a cigarette (inhaling).
Con:
Possible side effects*: May cause irritation of mouth and throat.
*Be sure to follow your healthcare provider instructions and manufacture instructions. Please see medication packaging for full listing of instructions and side effects.

Chantix® (varenicline)

Pro:
Stops cravings by fooling the brain to believe your body has already had nicotine.
Con:
Possible side effects*: May cause nausea, insomnia, headache, and abnormal dreams. FDA warning about psychiatric effects. FDA potential risk for heart problems.
*Be sure to follow your healthcare provider instructions and manufacture instructions. Please see medication packaging for full listing of instructions and side effects.

Zyban (bupropion)

Pro:
Helps prevent relapses and weight gain. With doctor approval, may be used with the patch.
Con:
Possible side effects*: Might disrupt sleep, or cause headaches or dry mouth. Seizure risk in some users.
*Be sure to follow your healthcare provider instructions and manufacture instructions. Please see medication packaging for full listing of instructions and side effects.

Combination Therapy

What is it?
Combining nicotine replacement therapy (combination therapy) means combining the nicotine patch, as prescribed, along with the gum or lozenge.
How does it work?
The patch gives you a steady dose of nicotine throughout the day – making you feel less like you need to smoke – while the gum or lozenge works fast to fight urges and helps stop withdrawal symptoms in their tracks! For most smokers, combination therapy is more effective than taking one form of nicotine treatment alone.
Last updated 8/16/2018 6:49 PM
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